Some dog breeds can be more susceptible to allergies than others. This could be because of small nasal passages, allergic reactions to flea bites, irritable stomachs that make digesting food difficult, or they may be allergic to their own hair. Dogs that have allergies include the following breeds: Bishon frise, terriers, retrievers, beagles, setters, and boxers. All dogs have the potential to be allergic to something, though.
The most common signs of allergies are raw skin where the dog has scratched, patches of hair missing, red skin, hives, coughing, sneezing, excessive chewing and licking their paws, watery eyes, vomiting, and diarrhea. While these symptoms may go away after a few days, you should really monitor your dog’s behavior to see if the symptoms return. If they do, then you should take your dog to the vet. Sometimes changing the type of dog food or just buying a flea collar or spray is enough to help eliminate your dog’s allergy problems.
When a dog is suffering from allergies, their mood can change. They may become lethargic, irritable, clingy, or angry. Discipline will not work when the dog is having any allergy issues. The best way to combat this problem is to learn how to care for your dog once you have isolated the cause of the allergies. This could mean keeping a journal of your dog’s symptoms and activities that you can show the vet, who will be able to recommend treatment.
Some smaller breeds may have breathing issues as they get older, there is little that can be done except to keep their sleeping area clean, vacuum often, and consider buying a hepa filter that will trap the dust, particles, and other air pollutants that are in the air. While it is essential that all dogs get their exercise, when it is cold outside, keep small breeds indoors to play with them. This will keep them from getting head colds, which could make breathing worse.
If you notice that your dog has fleas, you should bathe your dog using a shampoo that will kill fleas and their eggs. You may need to get rid of your home fleas as well so that they don’t come back. Buy carpet spray or if the problem is too big, then you may have to call an exterminator. Once the fleas are gone, you should spray your dog every time the dog goes outside. This will prevent new attacks from occurring. If your dog has open wounds or bites, you will have to wait for them to heal before you can use the spray or shampoo on your dog.
Vomiting can occur if your dog is allergic to certain foods. You should first visit the vet to make sure the problem isn’t internal. They will recommend new food for the dog. This should stop the vomiting and diarrhea.
Dogs that are allergic to dander or their own hair have the worst allergies of all, there is little that can be done. You should make sure that your dog is groomed regularly, brush your dog every day to remove excess hair and dander and bathe your dog once a month. Your vet may prescribe an anti-histamine if the allergies continue.